Prenatal Health: Food Security
Food security refers to a household’s physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that fulfills the dietary needs and food preferences of that house-hold for living an active and healthy life.
While food insufficiency is a serious problem at any life stage, during pregnancy the consequences are more severe and long-lasting. At this crucial developmental stage, inadequate micro- and macro-nutrients to the fetus can have lifelong consequences, including small stature, weakened immune system, diabetes, cvd, as well as increased risk of babies being delivered pre-term, intrauterine growth restriction, birth defects, and even stillbirth. Harmful effects of prenatal food insufficiency also include anemia and osteoporosis in the mother.