New Mexico Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System

(505) 476-8895 nm.prams@state.nm.us

Prenatal Health: Food Security

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Food security refers to a household’s physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that fulfills the dietary needs and food preferences of that house-hold for living an active and healthy life.

While food insufficiency is a serious problem at any life stage, during pregnancy the consequences are more severe and long-lasting. At this crucial developmental stage, inadequate micro- and macro-nutrients to the fetus can have lifelong consequences, including small stature, weakened immune system, diabetes, cvd, as well as increased risk of babies being delivered pre-term, intrauterine growth restriction, birth defects, and even stillbirth. Harmful effects of prenatal food insufficiency also include anemia and osteoporosis in the mother.

New Mexico Statistics:

Single Women
Native American Women
14%
Single parents that reported not having enough food to eat during pregnancy.
17%
Native American women that reported not having enough food to eat during pregnancy.
Hispanic Women
WIC Participants
13%
Hispanic women that reported not having enough food to eat during pregnancy.
57%
Women that reported being enrolled in WIC.

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